- Our Research
Solar System Small Body, Solar System Formation and Evolution, Optical Observational Astronomy, Taiwanese’ Indigenous Astronomy, Scientific Competency Education
My primary research works utilize advanced approaches, such as polarimetry, photometry, and spectrum, to follow-up observes the potential asteroids from databases and space missions and extensively investigate the physical properties of asteroid surface and structure. Our ultimate goal is to establish an asteroidal polarimetric observation system –at Lulin observatory in East Asia- to contribute to this critical task.
Astronomy is an inherited science that can be traced back early to the origin of civilization. Astronomy shapes and inspires various ancient cultures, societies, and arts and still deeply influences our daily life. My other research interest is exploring astronomy from the Taiwanese indigenous cultures, aiming to provide more insights into belonging to the land of Taiwan from diverse perspectives.
Pan, K.S., 2023. 遠古時代, 鄒族的月光比陽光還熱, Taipei Skylight, Vol. 112, pp. 16-22
Pan, K.S., 2022. 保衛地球大作戰, Taipei Skylight, Vol. 110, pp. 8-16
Pan, K.S., 2022. 宇宙中的水, Taipei Skylight, Vol. 106, pp. 8-15
Pan, K.S., Ip W.H., Lin, C.L., Huang, L.C., Cheng, Y.C., and Yeh, T.S., 2022. Is (3599) Basov a large C-type super-fast rotator? Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 220, no. 105520.
Pan, K.S., and Ip W.H., 2022. Polarimetric observations of asteroids of different taxonomic classes from Lulin Observatory in Taiwan. Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 212, no. 105412.
Studying solar system formation and evolution by asteroids According to the current theory and model of planet formation, the asteroids in the main belt between Mars and Jupiter in the solar system are the leftover of the planetary collision process and the gravitational disturbance of the planets in the early solar system. Therefore, it is regarded as one of the important clues to unraveling the formation and evolution of the solar system. Our research uses ground-based optical telescopes to observe multiple types of asteroids, which confirms the accuracy of polarimeters in asteroid polarization studies and tests the polarimetric observation of the detail on the metal-rich asteroid (16) Psyche. Moreover, we also search belt L-type asteroids that carry the oldest solar system elements using the polarimeter. In addition, according to the asteroid rubble pile model, we use several asteroid-related research databases to obtain the size, shape, and rotation period distribution of asteroid family members in statistical analysis to study the composition and structure of asteroids. Furthermore, the potential targets are selected for observation to propose possible explanations for their structure. In the asteroid studies, we provide preliminary scientific results for the origin of the solar system in the past, assess the potential risk of asteroids impacting the earth today, and for the possibility of future mineral mining.
Taiwanese’ Indigenous Astronomy For example, I have been recording their dictated stories and daily life for the Cou(Tsou) people in the Alishan area for years. Observing astronomy for the Cou people has long been integrated into myths and stories, cultural life, and annual rituals. They have established a deep connection with nature, which can still be seen in the daily life of the Cou people. I also have inclusive lessons about the culture with these incredible discoveries and science in the local elementary school and publish series-article in 《Taipei skynight》 to introduce their point of view about astronomy.