Chen, Yi-Ying陳奕穎

Assistant Research Fellow

Research Interests

Both in-situ observation and numerical modeling in the field of environmental science are Yi-Ying's research interests. His research activity focused on the topic of land-atmospheric interactions, and with a specific focus on large-scale climate responses through land-based environmental changes such as land use/cover changes, typhoon/storm/drought/fire disturbances, and forest management. He has been working on developing a windthrow module in the land surface model and scripts for analyzing the simulation results, since he joined the climate research group at RCEC, AS in Taiwan. Research topics such as evaluating the dynamics of forest ecosystem services to environmental disturbances and climate warming were studied and addressed by factorial experiments with a novel model development. He also compiled land use/cover data for studying the carbon budget at a regional/global scale.

Yi-Ying received his Ph.D. in  Hydrological and Oceanic Sciences from National Central University, and his Bachelor in Hydraulic Engineering from Feng-Chia University, Taiwan.

Representative Publications

Chen, Yi-Ying* and Luyssaert, S. (2022): Precipitation rather than wind drives the response of East Asian forests to tropical cyclones  (Biogeociences Discussion)  Abstract

Chen, Yi-Ying*, Huang, W., Cheng, C.-T., Hong, J.-S., Yeh, F.-L., Luyssaert, S. (2022): Simulation of the impact of environmental disturbances on forest biomass in Taiwan, JGR-Biogeosciences, 127, e2021JG006519. Abstract  

Chen, Yi-Ying*, Huang, W., Wang, W.-H., Juang, J.-Y., Hong, J.-S., Kato, T., Luyssaert, S., (2019): “Reconstructing Taiwan's land cover changes between 1904 and 2015 from historical maps and SPOT images, Scientific Reports, 9, 3643. Abstract

Luyssaert, S.*, Marie, G., Valade, A., Chen, Yi-Ying, Djomo, S.N., Ryder, J., Otto, J., Naudts, K., Lansø, A.S., Ghattas, J. and M. McGrath (2018): Trade-offs in using European forests to meet climate objectives, Nature, 526, 259-262. Abstract 

Chen, Yi-Ying*, Gardiner, B., Pasztor, F., Blennow, K., Ryder, J., Valade, A., Naudts, K., Otto, J., McGrath, J. M., Planque, C., Luyssaert, S., (2018): “Simulating damage for wind storms in the land surface model ORCHIDEE-CAN (revision 4262)”, Geoscientific Model Development, 11, 771-791. Abstract

Chen, Yi-Ying*, Ryder, J., Bastrikov, V., McGrath, M. J., Naudts, K., Otto, J., Ottlé, C., Peylin, P., Polcher, J., Valade, A., Black, A., Elbers, J. A., Moors, E., Foken, T., van Gorsel, E., Haverd, V., Heinesch, B., Tiedemann, F., Knohl, A., Launiainen, S., Loustau, D., Ogée, J., Vesala, T., Luyssaert, S., (2016): “Evaluating the performance of the land surface model ORCHIDEE-CAN v1.0 on water and energy fluxes estimation with a single- and multi-layer energy budget scheme”, Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 2951-2972. Abstract 

Chen, Yi-Ying* and Li, Ming-Hsu, 2016, “Quantifying rainfall interception loss of a subtropical broadleaved forest in central Taiwan”, Water, 8(1), 14, 1-19. Abstract

Naudts, K.*, Chen, Yi-Ying, McGrath, M., Ryder, J., Aude, V., Juliane, O., Luyssaert, S., (2016): “Europe’s forest management did not mitigate climate warming”, Science, 351(6273), 597-600. Abstract

Chen, Yi-Ying, Chu, Chia-Ren, Li, Ming-Hsu*, (2012) :“A gap-filling model for eddy covariance latent heat flux: Estimating evapotranspiration of a subtropical seasonal evergreen broad-leaved forest as an example”, Journal of Hydrology, 468, 101-110. Abstract

Highlights

Tropical cyclones facilitate recovery of forest leaf area from dry spells in East Asia: The view that tropical cyclones disturb forests by breaking and uprooting trees is widely supported by studies focusing on the effects of a few exceptionally strong cyclones. Such a viewpoint may however limit our understanding of the impact of tropical cyclones in general. Changes in forest leaf area in East Asia were estimated by jointly analyzing the cyclone tracks, climate reanalysis and satellite-based leaf area of tropical cyclones. Sixty days following their passage ~15% of the cyclones resulted in a decrease in leaf area and ~50 % showed no change in leaf area. Surprisingly, in nearly one-third of the cyclones, an increase (or a reduced decrease)  in leaf area was observed. Further analysis revealed that cyclones bringing abundant precipitation towards the end of the summer could relieve water stress for the vegetation within the cyclone track whereas the vegetation outside the track might continue to suffer until the start of the next wet season. The finding that a third of the tropical cyclones in East Asia facilitate recovery of forest leaf area from dry spells urges refining the present-day bias of cyclones as agents of destruction toward a more nuanced vision that recognizes that cyclones could also have little or even positive effects on forest growth. Link

Reconstructing Taiwan's land cover changesA new reconstitution of Taiwan’s land cover changes and its uncertainty between 1904 and 2015 is presented. The reconstruction which integrates geographical information from historical maps and satellite images from SPOT is spatially explicit with a 500 x 500 m resolution and distinguishes six land cover classes: forests, grasslands, agriculture land, inland water, built-up, and bare soil. This type of information is essential to quantifying the contribution of climate warming from land cover changes by making use of a modeling approach, which is also in line with the large-scale land cover reconstruction in Europe. The new land cover reconstruction is thus expected to contribute to future revisions of global land cover reconstructions as well as to studies of (gross) land cover changes, the carbon budget, regional climate, urban heat islands, and air and water pollution at the national level. Download Dataset

Simulating the impact of environmental disturbances on the forest biomass in Taiwan: The results from numerical experiments were used to attribute the impact of tropical cyclones, land-use and -cover changes (LULCC), and CO2 fertilization on the biomass accumulation in Taiwanese forests. Simulation experiments rely on a long-term land cover reconstruction in Taiwan and a new model feature, wind-throw development, to attribute changes of the forest biomass. Possibly this research is the first model experiment quantifying the long-term impact of wind storms on Taiwanese forests biomass and is also the first application of a century-long land cover reconstruction informed by local sources to study the dynamics of forest biomass in Taiwan. The model simulated above-ground woody volume was increased from 197 ±5 m3 ha-1 in 1979 to 217 ±4 m3 ha-1 in 2017 and its dynamics were consistent with the national inventories. The annual carbon sequestration rate is 0.5 ±0.1 mha-1 yr-1 averaging from 2.4 Mha forest area over the past 39 years. The wind disturbance contributed a surprising wood loss which is almost at the same level of the annual carbon sequestration rate. LULCC between afforestation and deforestation resulted in a trade-off in forest biomass sequestration, which shows an increase of forest biomass in lowland areas and a decrease of forest biomass in the mountainous area due to the agricultural expansion or local deforestation. The CO2 fertilization effect contributed to the enhancement of forest biomass stock by almost 40%, while the CO2 concentration increased from 300 ppm to 400 ppm over the past 40 years. Link

2022 Summer Internship  
Topic 1:  Challenges and Opportunities of Agricultural Land in Taiwan under two Selected Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs)/李泱儒 (Now at NCKU)梁奕如 (Now at NCCU)
GDD page GDD Code Poster
Topic 2:  Using SPOT Images to Identify the Shoreline Changes over the Coastal Area in East Taiwan/陳品妤 (Now at UBC)
Poster
  • Post-Doctoral Researcher Dept. Civil Engineering NUS Singapore (2016)
  • Research Engineer LSCE/IPSL France (2014)
  • Ph.D. IHOS National Central Univ. Taiwan (2012)

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