Environmental Resilience & Sustainability Research Group - Thematic Projects

Integrated Research Project -1: Taiwan Drought Study: A Transdisciplinary / Interface-Integrated Research Project Connecting the Upstream, Midstream, and Downstream
  • Sustainability Science Research Program, Academia Sinica
  • Project Name: Taiwan Drought Study: Change, Water Resource Impacts, and Risk Perception and Communication
  • Project Schedule: January 1, 2016–December 31, 2018
  • Principal Investigator: Dr. Huang-Hsiung Hsu, Distinguished Research Fellow
  • Project Background and Objective:
Drought occurs in Taiwan every few years, and severe drought disasters pose a great threat to agriculture, industries, and life. Recent studies have discovered that Taiwan’s climate has clearly become drier in the past few decades, and future climate is predicted to exhibit a similar trend. Thus, Taiwan will face increasingly severe pressure on its water resources in a warming future. Accordingly, this project conducted transdisciplinary research involving experts in the fields of climate change, hydrology, humanities, and social sciences to understand the impacts of drought and water resources in Taiwan’s hot spots (Shihmen Reservoir in northern Taiwan and Zengwen Reservoir in southern Taiwan) under the context of climate change. The results are provided to the government and stakeholders to serve as a crucial basis for planning and implementing adaptation policies.
  • Research framework and personnel:
  • Research findings and results:
  • Under the influence of global warming, the atmospheric circulation characteristics that are inconducive to precipitation in Taiwan and its neighboring regions will gradually strengthen. This project discovered that between 2040 and 2060, precipitation in East Asia and Taiwan during spring may decrease, whereas dry days and drought extension may increase. Precipitation in reservoir catchment areas in northern Taiwan will decrease in spring as well as in the autumn and winter of the previous year. This will also reduce water supply and increase the risk of drought in the future.
  • This project discovered Banxin Project II effectively reduced the water shortage in the northern region, enabling the water supply to meet the water demand. However, if the impact of climate change is considered, the risk of public water shortages in the northern region during spring in the mid-21st century may be aggravated. In addition, shortages of farm water supply in the Shihmen Dam irrigation area during spring will be more severe compared with the current situation.
  • The effects of climate change will lead to an approximately 50% probability of a 20% (or higher) water shortage occurring in the Banxin and Taoyuan regions. In the face of the risk of such extreme water shortages, the existing water resource strategy and drought response measures may be inadequate, and additional adaptation plans will be required in the future.
  • This project suggested adaptation strategies for drought and water resource risks in response to climate change in Taiwan, which can serve as a reference for relevant government agencies and stakeholders.
  • Project features:
Integrated Research Project -2: A Transdisciplinary Research Project Linking Air Pollution and Public Health
  • Sustainability Science Research Program, Academia Sinica
  • Project Name: Trans-disciplinary PM2.5 Exposure Research in Urban Areas for Health-oriented Preventive Strategies
  • Project Schedule: January 1, 2018–December 31, 2020
  • Principal Investigator: Dr. Shih-Chun Candice Lung, Research Fellow
  • Project Background and Objective:
In the past decade, the threats of environmental change on human health called for effective strategies to reduce health risks. Future Earth (Research for Global Sustainability,) promotes "trans-disciplinary collaboration", "co-design and co-production" and "solution-oriented" sciences in order to best utilize scientific evidences to assist our society to tackle challenges due to environmental changes. This thematic project (shorten as Urban-PM2.5) is to conduct an integrated trans-disciplinary research focusing on PM2.5 (particulate matters with aerodynamic diameters equal to or less than 2.5μm), one of the major environmental health concerns, with the aim of providing science-based evidences for formulating preventive strategies and health promotion tactics to protect public health. Urban-PM2.5 is a trans-disciplinary collaboration of scientists from environmental, information, statistics, and public health sciences, as well as policy makers. Urban-PM2.5 targets on the neglected community pollution sources and peak PM2.5 exposure, evaluates controllable factors considering the progression of emission to health impacts, establishes PM2.5 community and exposure models, and explores options for intervention, which lead to formulation of effective preventive strategies.
 
  • Research framework and personnel:
Categories Project Title Name and Role of PI, Role on Project (Project Director, Sub-project PI, Co-PI) Institution/Department Title
Main Project Trans-disciplinary PM2.5 Exposure Research in Urban Areas for Health-oriented Preventive Strategies Shih-Chun Candice Lung
(Project Director)
RCEC, AS Research Fellow
Da-Wei Wang
(Project co-Director)
IIS, AS Research Fellow
Ling-Jyh Chen
(Project co-Director)
IIS, AS Research Fellow
Meng-Chang Chen
(Project co-Director)
IIS, AS Research Fellow
Subproject 1 Cross-scale environmental monitoring and analysis for PM2.5exposure Shih-Chun Lung
(Sub-project PI)
RCEC, AS Research Fellow
Chih-Da Wu
(Sub-project Co-PI)
Dept. of Forestry, NCYU Associate Professor
I-Chun Tsai
(Sub-project Co-PI)
RCEC, AS Assistant Research Fellow
Yi-Chiu Lin
(Sub-project Co-PI)
TTFRI Assistant Researcher
Subproject 2 Vision-based traffic and crowd analysis using convolutional neural networks Chih-Wen Su
(Sub-project PI)
Dept. of ICE, CYCU Assistant Professor
Mark Liao
(Sub-project Co-PI)
IIS, AS Distinguished Research Fellow
Subproject 3 The relationship between heart rate, apparent temperature and air pollution exposure in adult during cardio exercise Shih-Yu Lee
(Sub-project PI)
RCEC, AS Assistant Research Fellow
Tzu-Yao Chuang
(Sub-project Co-PI)
CMU Children’s hospital Attending Physician
Subproject 4 Metabolomics profiling and gene expression study to understand the health impacts of cooking oil fumes and the potential protective roles of vegetables and fruits Wen-Harn Pan
(Sub-project PI)
IBS, AS Research Fellow
Hsin-Chou Yang
(Sub-project Co-PI)
ISS, AS Research Fellow

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